Opinion (Rogério COPETO / Official GNR): BACK TO SCHOOL.

The new school year 2019/2020 It starts next week na-se, It is an event that affects the entire society, especially the school community, where the first days of classes are crucial for a good start of the school year.

Rogério COPETO

Lieutenant Colonel of the GNR

Master in Law and Security and Homeland Security Auditor

Head of the Education Division / Command Doctrine and Training

So once again the GNR will be present in all schools at your own risk, this back to school, for the new school year starts smoothly, because with regard to security is the duty of GNR contribute to the new school year begins with the expected tranquility for all.

This responsibility comes the obligation GNR comply with the Safe School Program (PES), which was approved by Regulation Joint Order No. 25 650/2006 the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MAY) and Ministry of Education (ME) of 2006, which states in its introduction that "quality education one can not be in a school environment of violence or insecurity, which prevents the full realization of the right to education, constitutionally enshrined right. "

The same regulation also says that "Schools are a prime area of ​​freedom, conviviality and security where they reproduce the fundamental values ​​of a democratic society. Yet, the occurrence of deviant behavior and / or antisocial can create, set of country, Students and teachers, non-teaching staff and the general public, the perception of schools as a violent social environment, with negative repercussions in the teaching / learning process and the social inclusion of dynamic. The preservation of a favorable environment for the normal development of the school's mission is priority task of the State and local communities. "

The last PES Regulation is 2006, but this program was born in 14 September 1992, by concluding an agreement between MAI and ME, completing this year 27 years old, and aims: Promote a culture of safety in schools; Foster civility and citizenship, thereby contributing to the affirmation of the school community as a privileged space of integration and socialization; Diagnose, prevent and intervene in schools security issues, and; Determine, prevent and eradicate the occurrence of risk behavior and, or unlawful in schools and surrounding areas.

The PES is operated by the GNR and the PSP in schools at your own risk, which develop actions to reduce or eradicate the violence and insecurity in schools and surroundings. The PES is developer of targeted initiatives and projects to promote citizenship and civic values ​​at school, with a view to harmonious development by children and young people. To meet this desideratum to promote partnerships and synergies between the various entities and actors, both national and local levels, to ensure a safe environment in schools and surroundings.

GNR on the responsibility to fulfill the objectives of PES lies in each of the soldiers who make up this institution, starting with the military of the Territorial Offices, but especially in the military of Community Policing and Crime Prevention Sections, Detachments of the Territorial.

These military, apart from patrolling the schools, conduct awareness / information actions, on varied topics, ranging from the protection of nature and the environment, up to bullying and ciberbullying, without forgetting the road safety and the prevention of deviant behavior, as the consumption of narcotic and alcohol.

These 27 years GNR managed to adapt to new challenges, lying all military territorial device with training under the "Immediate Response Tactical Incident with Firearms in Educational Institutions" and the Commanders and Detachment Desk trained in "Communication Management in Review Situations", ie the GNR is now better prepared to respond to all the problems that the school community has, same ones more severe, that hopefully never will happen, as unfortunately we witnessed in other countries.

As previously mentioned, one of the concerns of the school community in recent years, tem been or phenomenon do bullying, that although it is not enshrined in the Criminal Code as a crime, do not let so to be crime and the perpetrators be held accountable for it, It must however observe the implications arising from the fact that the perpetrators are minors and therefore imputable. So when it comes to bullying, speak in practice of offending crimes will simple or serious physical integrity, on threats, in reproaches, defamation, in coercion or in more severe situations in murder.

Despite the smaller of 16 years are imputable, They are however responsible for their behavior, since the commission of a crime by a minor aged 12 and 16 year old, It can not be applied to the corresponding sentence in the Penal Code for the commission of a crime, however leads to the application of educational tutelary measure, under the Educational Guardianship Law, which can range from a warning, to the hospital in Educational Center, open regime, semi-open or closed.

This is an issue that concerns the GNR and so are carried out by its military, a number of awareness-raising, with the aim of schools becoming better able to provide security and protection to its students, victims see their vulnerability diminished and their increased self-esteem, so the attackers lose their position of power and have fewer behavior problems and parents to see increased their sense of security at school and at last the entire school community be more attentive to conflicts between students and better able to address them.

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